Are You Related to Narciso and Ursula Liquete from Candon, Ilocos Sur?
In his 1934 published memoir, Thirty Years With The Philippine Headhunters, Samuel E. Kane described a “…good-natured mestizo tiendakeeper” by the name of “Narcisso” Liquete from Candon, Ilocos Sur. (p.286). In addition, Kane also mentioned a “Dona Ursula” (although, Kane did not mention her family name) whom he described as being “…an elderly Spanish lady” who was the “dueena” (or landlady, my translation) of Adela Mills, the daughter of Jose Mills y Barral from Baga, Barcelona, Spain (Kane, 1934, p. 60.). Who were these mestizo and Spanish lady?
While researching on his great grandparents (Sabas Gaerlan, Jose Mills), this curator discovered a number of notarial documents in the National Archives of the Philippines with the names of a Narciso (spelled with a single “s”) Liquete and Ursula Liquete from Candon, Ilocos Sur. Are these the same two people mentioned by Samuel Kane?
I. Narciso Liquete y Peredo.
Extra-Judicial Settlement of the Estate of Maria Peredo y Escobar. In a notarial document dated November 17, 1885, the heirs of the late Maria Peredo y Escobar agreed to the extra-judicial settlement of her estate worth a total of 2,190 pesos (Protocolo Ilocos Sur-1885, Bundle 1555, SDS-22224. National Archives of the Philippines). The most valuable single item worth 800 pesos was the mother house made of tiled roof and located at the Candon plaza and in front of the church while the bulk of the other estate were agricultural lands.
The names of the heirs and value of their shares were as follows: Emilia Liquete valued at 365 pesos, Claudia Liquete valued at 365 pesos, Narsico Liquete valued at 365 pesos, Catalina Liquete valued at 365 pesos, Juan Imperial valued at 365 pesos, Angel Imperial (deceased) valued at 365 pesos.
Image: Signature of Narciso Liquete and Other Heirs of Maria Peredo y Escobar.
Don Narciso Liquete’s share of the estate included the following items: one (1) “mesa escribania de narra con barandillas” worth 15 pesos, one (1) “mesa grande de narra piesa entera” worth 15 pesos, two (2) “mesas de camagon para tresillo” (two tables for the lounge made of kamagong wood) worth 10 pesos, one “catre de narra” worth 12 pesos, and four (4) pcs. of “sillas de narra con brazo” worth 4 pesos. The rest of the other items were agricultural lands. Interestingly, Narsico’s share included two portraits of the “…Senor y la Purissima” worth 2 pesos.
From his share of the estate of his mother, Narciso engaged in business transactions related to the agricultural lands and urban properties. As an example, in a notarial document dated July 24, 1896, Narciso Liquete y Peredo, 44 years old (thus, he was around 33 when his mother died), mortgaged a total of 64 properties at the value of “trece mil ochocientos noventa pesos” or 13,890 pesos, to Don Gaspar de Bartolome y Escribano, 39 years old, with residence at Vigan, Ilocos Sur (Protocolo Ilocos Sur – 1896, Bundle 1580, SDS22249, National Archives of the Philippines).
II. Ursula Liquete (de los Santos).
On the 2nd of May, 1898, based on the order of the “Presidente local” of Candon, Ilocos Sur, and the “Senor Comosionado del Gobierno de las Republica Ildelfonso Laurel” in virtue of the order of the “Senor Presidente Provincial” No.142 dated the 27th of April 1898, an inventory of the properties of the “…espanola Urzula Liquete” or “Ursula Liquete de los Santos” were done and used later on as basis for the public auction of Spanish owned properties seized by the revolutionary authorities (Revolucion Filipina, 1898-1899, SDS1964, National Archives of the Philippines). The revolutionary authorities (Ildelfonso Laurel, Pedro Legaspi, Benito Gaerlan, Candido Abaya,) estimated Ursula’s properties to a total of 382.38 pesos.
Image: Signature of Candon Town Officials, Inventory of Estimated Value of Properties of Ursula Liquete.
The house of Ursula Liquete that contained these items had five (5) rooms, a comedor, sala, cosina, and six (6) bodegas. A second inventory of the auctioned items contained the names of the winning bidders and the amount of the winning bid. The names of the winning bidders seems to be a list of the town’s prominent families (Isidoro, Elias, and Victorino Abaya, Mati, Lucas Siping, Basilio Madarang, Nazario Gray, Eulalio Dario, etc.). Even Narciso Liquete bidded and won two (2) shelves worth 1 pesos, (if Narciso was able to bid, then does this confirm that he is not an enemy national even if he was a mestizo?).
As the bidders toured the house of Ursula, we can imagine that they started in the sala where a “Marino? Liquete” paid the handsome price of 25 pesos for a piano, and 10 pesos for an “espejo tocador grande” or a dressing table with a mirror (one wonders what a dressing table was doing in the sala?). The bidders went next to each of the five rooms. In room no. 1, Leoncio Seronilla (?) paid 25 pesos for a round table with a marble top (“meza de marmol redonda”), while Lucas Siping paid 10 pesos for two (2) aparadors made of wood. The town “presidente” eyes fell in love with one “catre de hierro” although the inventory did not indicate the amount he paid for it. In room no. 3, Victorino Abaya paid 16.50 pesos for “lababo de marmol con espejo” or a washstand with a mirror while the “Presidente” bought two (2) pcs. of “sofa de madera” worth 10.25 pesos. In room no. 5, the bidders found the altar room of Ursula where one (1) “meza de altar” was won by Ursula C. at the price of 5.60 pesos while Lucas Siping paid 0.50 centavos for one “cuadro de Sagrada Familia.” The image of the “Sra. del Carmen” went to the “Presidente” for an unspecified price.
Image: Inventory of Auctioned Properties of Ursula Liquete.
Apparently, aside from confiscating the properties of Ursula Liquete in said house, the revolutionary authorities also seized Ursula’s livestock of 104 cows, 31 carabaos, 32 sheep, 17 goats, and 1 gray horse, worth an estimated 6,408 pesos. Some of these livestock were slaughtered to feed around two companies of Filipino revolutionary soldiers. Around 16 cows were sent to the authorities at Vigan, and 27 carabaos to the authorities at Tarlac, while around 35 cows were sent to the revolutionary government located in Malolos, Bulacan (see G.R. No. 1341. November 8, 1905, Ursula Liquete vs. Eulalio Dario at http://www.chanrobles.com/cralaw/1905novemberdecisions.php?id=11).
This researcher is not aware of the fate that awaited both Narciso and Ursula after the start of the Philippine American colonial period. However, given the information above, both seem to be the very persons that Samuel Kane mentioned in his book. Well, are you related to any of the two? Or do you know anyone who are related to the Liqueste’s of Candon, Ilocos Sur?