A Sampaloc Tree as A Property Marker During the Spanish Colonial Period
In a 1746 map of Mariquina (Mapa de la Hacienda de Jesús de la Peña o Mariquina, de la provincia de Tondo), the mapmaker used different trees as property markers aside from the usual mojón (boundary stone). As an example, letter F in the map shows a drawing of a tree identified as a “tamarindo” or “sampalo” while the “balete” tree was identified for letter A. Interestingly, letter “i” combined the stone mojon with a tree (calumpang) as property boundary markers. The Hacienda de Jesús de la Peña map was made as part of Colegio de San Ignacio de Manila’s effort to confirm their possession of the said hacienda.
Source: “…Mapa de la Hacienda de Jesús de la Peña o Mariquina, de la provincia de Tondo” : [Luzón, Filipinas].Archivo General de Indias (Sevilla, España),,MP-FILIPINAS,33.